Telangana is one of the 29 states in India, located in the southern part of the country. This newly christened state’s main identity was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking region. A mix of the iconic arch of the Kakatiya dynasty that once ruled the region, and Charminar, formed the official logo of Telangana state. The major tourist destinations of Telangana include Falaknuma Palace, Qutb Shahi Tombs and number of famous old temples and monuments.
Telangana is rich in natural resources. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna, run across the state of Telangana. About 45% of the forest area of Andhra Pradesh, and 20% of India’s coal deposits lie in Telangana. Acquiring an area of 1, 14, 840 sq. km, Telangana is bundled with a population of 35.19 million, making it the 12th largest and most inhabited state in India. The major cities in Telangana are Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Warangal, Khammam, Nizamabad, Adilabad, Sangareddi, Kamareddy, Siddipet, Nalgonda, Mahabubnagar, Ramagundam, and Kothagudem, etc.
Major tourist destinations and tourism districts of Telangana are Charminar, Makkah Masjid, Golconda Fort, Hussain Sagar Lake, Birla Mandir, Chowmahalla Palace, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple, Bhongir Fort –Nalgonda, Nagarjunsagar Dam, Peerlamarri, Kuntala Waterfall, Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Shamirpet Lake, Sita Ramachandra Swamy Temple, Vemulawada Temple, Vemulawada-Temple, Medak Church, Laknavaram Lake and Gnana Saraswati Temple –Basar and Ramappa Temple.
Telangana, as a geographical and political entity stood as an economic, social, cultural and historical entity, it has a glorious history of at least two thousand five hundred years or more. Megalithic stone structures like cairns, cists, dolmens and menhirs found in several districts of Telangana show that there were human habitations in this part of the country thousands of years ago. Remnants of iron ore smelting found at many places demonstrate the hoary roots of artisanship and tool making in Telangana for at least two thousand years. The reference to Asmaka Janapada, part of present Telangana, as one of the 16 Janapadas in ancient India proves that there existed an advanced stage of society.
In the historical age, Telangana had given rise to mighty empires and kingdoms like the Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Ikshvakus, Vishnukundins, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Qutb Shahis and Asif Jahis.
The emergence and flourishing of the powerful political formations is in itself a proof of existence of a sturdy economic, social and cultural structure. Thus Telangana has been a vibrant social entity by the time of the Buddha and continued to be so for the next two and a half millennia.